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Can a woman conceive during her menstruation period

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If you are wondering whether you can get pregnant while on your period, the answer is not as simple as you think. All birth control methods can fail, even those with the highest effectiveness rate like intrauterine devices IUD or tubal ligation. People should understand how well each option works prior to deciding upon a method of contraception. When using fertility awareness as a method of birth control, fewer than five out of women will become pregnant during the first year of perfect use. That being said, this method of birth control is very difficult to do without error.

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Can you get pregnant on your period?

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Since traditional contraceptive methods are still employed by a large population in India, the knowledge regarding the pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle is indispensable. This research paper attempts to assess the knowledge among urban men in Uttar Pradesh, India about the fertile window of the menstrual cycle; it also attempts to discover the rationales behind the misconceptions about the concept.

Descriptive Statistics has been used to assess the prevalence of knowledge among urban men regarding the concept. Using the Discriminant Analysis, we also investigate the rationales behind the misconceptions among urban men about the concept.

Only one-fifth of the men have the correct knowledge about the concept. Further, we find that education, societal perception, caste, and spousal discussion about the reproductive issues are the primary factors affecting the knowledge about the pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle. There is an urgent need for sex education in the region to make the urban men more educated about the reproductive process of women; this may reduce unwanted births and abortion due to an unwanted pregnancy as well.

The study promotes the higher education and motivates couples to discuss the reproductive health issues among them. In this manner, we can provide better reproductive health to the women of urban India. In India, traditional contraceptive methods are employed by a large population, and most of the time decisions related to family planning are taken by the men of the household.

Therefore, it is really necessary for men to have the correct idea of when a woman is most susceptible to pregnancy during the menstrual cycle.

The study tries to assess the prevalence of such knowledge among urban men in Uttar Pradesh, India. Also, it attempts to investigate the rationals behind the misconceptions among men of the region under study. We have found that only one-fifth of the men have the correct knowledge about the concept. Further, education, societal perception, caste, and spousal discussion about the reproductive issues are found to be the most important components that affect the knowledge among men about the conception risk during the menstrual cycle.

The study suggests promoting the sex education in urban Uttar Pradesh, especially in slum areas to educate the men regarding the reproductive functions of women. Also, the article promotes higher education and motivates couples to discuss the reproductive hurdles among them. These interventions can provide a better reproductive health to the women of urban Uttar Pradesh, India.

The effective contraceptive practice is usually measured by knowledge about the reproductive process and related issues. In an American study, it is observed that only one-third of urban mothers interviewed twice, a year apart, answered correctly both times about when during the menstrual cycle a woman is most likely to become pregnant [ 1 ].

Menstruation is an important reproductive health function, yet it has been dealt with secrecy in India, [ 3 ]. Due to some cultural barriers, most couples rarely have a conversation regarding the menstruation and pregnancy risks during menstruation. A number of taboos and social and cultural restrictions still exists concerning menstruation, [ 4 ], [ 5 ], [ 6 ], and [ 7 ]. As it is argued, erroneous information about the risk of conception during the menstrual cycle may lead to increased fertility [ 10 ].

It is realized that only Usually, the sperm can survive for three to five days in the fallopian tube and after ovulation; the released egg takes approx 12 to 24 hours to make its way through the fallopian tube. Thus, chances of pregnancy to occur are highest when a couple has intercourse without contraceptives one to two days before ovulation. In this connection, the 14th day of the cycle is the most susceptible day for fertilization of the egg [ 12 ].

In some cases, women know when they are ovulating by observing the changes in their body and the way they feel. Some quintessential measures are breast tenderness, hefty and denser vaginal discharge, tightness in the abdomen; however, these body changes are difficult to be understood by couples.

Many others do not have any noticeable symptoms. In India, the traditional contraceptive methods are still employed by a large population; therefore, the misinformation about the fertile window during MC may lead to the failure of the traditional contraception methods.

The knowledge about the conception risk during the menstrual cycle is essential to ward off the unwanted births and abortions due to unwanted pregnancies. Against this background, this study estimates the prevalence of knowledge about the conception risk during menstrual cycle among urban men of Uttar Pradesh, India. In this connection, men have been asked when during the menstrual cycle they think women are most susceptible to the risk of conception and we attempt to discover the rationales behind the misconceptions among urban men about the concept.

URHI is a multi-national study involving, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal that assess contraceptive behavior, awareness, and quality among poor belonging to urban areas. The baseline data were collected in four cities, Agra, Aligarh, Allahabad and Gorakhpur. A total of currently married men aged 18—54 were interviewed in these towns. A two-stage sampling approach was employed to collect the sample for each city. Cities were split into slum and non-slum as primary sampling units based on ground truthing and satellite imagery.

Questions about awareness of contraceptive methods, fertility desires, attitudes toward reproductive health, contraceptive use by themselves or their wives, the pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle, were asked to the men belonging to urban Uttar Pradesh, India. For the purpose of analysis, the dependent variable was re-coded into a new variable which has only two categories: 1 men who have the false information or do not know about the concept of pregnancy risk during menstrual cycle, and 2 men who have the correct information about the time at which the conception risk is highest i.

Percentage distribution of men regarding the perception about pregnancy risk during menstrual cycle. Discriminant analysis does the same analysis as linear regressions, by predicting an outcome; however, in multiple linear regression, the dependent variable is an interval variable so that the combination of explanatory variables will provide estimated mean population Y values for given values of the weighted sum of X values Predictor through the regression function.

Discriminant analysis is used when the dependent is a categorical variable with the predictors of interval level, such as years of education, income, and age; although one can use dummy variables as predictors similar to multiple regression.

This equation is similar to a regression equation. Good predictors contain larger weights in discriminant function. The equation should hold strong discriminatory power between groups since the discriminant function is supposed to maximize the distance between the categories of study variable. Thus, the D. The number of discriminant functions is one less than the number of groups or category. There is only one function for the D. In our problem the dependent variable, knowledge about the pregnancy risk during menstrual cycle has been classified into two categories; one has the accurate knowledge about the fertile window during the menstrual cycle, and the other category does not have the actual idea of the concept.

Since the predictors, involved in our D. A, are not at interval level, we have created dummy variables for each category of predictor variables. In this study, the D. A has been performed for slum area and non-slum area separately. The paramount assumptions required to be tested to check the compatibility of data with D.

A are normality and homoscedasticity. Therefore, it can be concluded that the data hold the homoscedasticity assumption. Further, the normal Q-Q curve for the standardized residuals has been plotted to check the normality assumption. After having a glance at Fig. Since the data fulfill the assumptions of homoscedasticity and normality, the discriminant analysis has been applied for analysis. SPSS software has been used for the above analysis. It is essential to note that only one-fifth of the men have the correct information about pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle, while the remaining four-fifth of them do not have the accurate information about this concept.

After having a glance at the table, it can be concluded that the highest percentage men have given the response that the maximum risk of conception occurs right after the menstruation period ends, and its percentage is more than 50 for each category of variables under consideration.

Further, it can also be seen from the table that almost one-fifth respondents, do not have any idea about the concept among the illiterate men and men who have never discussed family planning with their wives. In the table, group 1 includes the respondents who do not have the correct idea about the concept and group 2 includes the respondents who have the accurate information about the notion of pregnancy risk during MC. Since all the exogenous variables are made binary In form of 0 or 1 , the mean provides the proportion of respondents in a particular category of the variable.

It shows that men belonging to other religions have better information compared to the men belonging to the Hindu religion. The above finding indicates that men, having higher education keep better information about the concept compared to the men with no education.

Group 1 includes the respondents who do not have the correct knowledge and group 2 includes the respondents who have the accurate information about the fertile window of the menstrual cycle.

The table shows that the media exposure is not a significant factor for the group separation regarding the knowledge about the conception risk during the MC; this might be due to a high correlation between the media exposure and the educational attainment of men in urban Uttar Pradesh.

The finding says that the men who dwell in a society that supports MFPM have more actual information compared to the men living in a society that does not support MFPM and the men who do not know about the view of society regarding the MFPM.

This finding leads to the statement that the men who discuss family planning with their wives have more actual information regarding the concept of highest pregnancy time during MC compared to the men who do not talk about the family planning with their partner.

It can be regarded from the table that the variables like the perception of society about MFPM, religion, and discussion of the respondent with the wife about family planning reflects the same results as we have found in the analysis for slum area.

Further for non-slum population, caste has not been noticed as a significant factor for group separation. The table reflects that for non-slum population, wealth status of men is not an important variable; this may be due to that other social and cultural factors are more dominant; also wealth status is highly associated with educational attainment. Tables provide information on each of the discriminant functions equations produced.

The maximum number of discriminant functions produced is the number of groups minus 1. In this study only two groups are considered, thus only one function is displayed. The canonical correlation is the multiple correlation between the predictors and the discriminant function.

With only one function, it provides an index of overall model fit which is interpreted as being the proportion of variance explained R 2. This is the proportion of the total variance in the discriminant scores not explained by differences among groups. This is a measure of how well each function separates cases into groups. Thus, our discriminant function is statistically significant for group separation. Considering that almost four-fifth of married men in both slum and non-slum areas of urban Uttar Pradesh do not have the correct knowledge of the concept, there is an urgent need for sex education.

Classical contraceptive methods are also used by a huge number of couples in the region. The study depicts that the higher education results into a better knowledge about the conception risk during the menstrual cycle. Literacy and employment can bring the wealth condition up; therefore literacy is the only way to get rid of such misinformations regarding the reproductive biology of women, which is why study suggests promoting the higher education.

Our perception about something is built according to the society; in which we are living. Due to this, it is found that men living in a society, that encourages the MFPM, have better information about the fertile window than who are residing in a society that does not support MFPM.

Thus, to educate people, it is necessary to educate the society as a whole. Also, this study suggests urban men, to have interaction with the society and discuss the reproductive health and other related issues like family planning, etc.

The effective inter-spouse communication on matters, related to family planning is very crucial for the success of family planning programs [ 14 ], and [ 15 ]. In India due to various cultural barriers and customs, even husband and wife feel shy to discuss the sensitive issues like family planning and reproductive process.

Sharing the accurate knowledge with the spouse regarding the fertile window during MC will reduce the misconceptions among the urban men in the region. The study recommends couples to talk about the sexual health and other relative issues with their spouses so that they can be aware of the different technicalities related to reproductive health and family planning.

The main limitation of the study is that it considers only one state Uttar Pradesh of India, though there are several states which are bearing the same challenges. There exists a huge diversity among the Indian states in terms of education, socio-economic conditions, culture, and norms.

Can You Get Pregnant On Your Period?

Technically, people can get pregnant at any time during their menstrual cycle, though it is much less likely during their period. A person is most likely to get pregnant in the middle of their menstrual cycle. This phase is called the fertile window.

Since traditional contraceptive methods are still employed by a large population in India, the knowledge regarding the pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle is indispensable. This research paper attempts to assess the knowledge among urban men in Uttar Pradesh, India about the fertile window of the menstrual cycle; it also attempts to discover the rationales behind the misconceptions about the concept. Descriptive Statistics has been used to assess the prevalence of knowledge among urban men regarding the concept.

If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. It will help you keep track of the most fertile days when you can more easily conceive. The ability to conceive is miraculous.

Can a Girl Get Pregnant if She Has Sex During Her Period?

Want to avoid pregnancy? Learn how your fertility cycle works — and whether period sex is ever risk-free. Your period came, so does that mean you can be a little more lax about birth control? Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. She clears up the confusion about fertility and your monthly cycle. The most fertile time of your cycle, when you are most likely to get pregnant, is when you ovulate, or release an egg, Dr. Stephens explains. That typically happens midway between periods.

Can I get pregnant just after my period has finished?

It's a common misconception that if a woman has sex during her period she cannot become pregnant. While a woman is unlikely to get pregnant during her period, it is absolutely possible. Hakakha says. If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is sloughed off about 14 days later. This is called your period.

Periods come with enough to stress out about: Cramps, cravings, and mood swings are just a few of the not-so-fun symptoms of your monthly menstruation. Even though you and your S.

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Can You Get Pregnant on Your Period?

Having sex intercourse during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Fertile days after Period - rolleck.com Rath - rolleck.comtant Gynecologist - Hi9

Back to Pregnancy. Yes, although it's not very likely. If you have sex without using contraception, you can conceive get pregnant at any time during your menstrual cycle, even during or just after your period. You can also get pregnant if you have never had a period before, during your first period, or after the first time you have sex. There's no "safe" time of the month when you can have sex without contraception and not risk becoming pregnant.

When is the best time of the month to try for a baby?

A lot of advice on when to conceive focuses on timing sex around your ovulation dates. However, one of the best ways to increase your chances of conceiving is to have regular sex throughout your menstrual cycle. This will mean there is always sperm waiting to meet the egg when it is released. If sperm are not ejaculated frequently, but held back in a man's tubes for more than about three days, the quality greatly deteriorates. You do not have to have sex every day, or on a particular day of the cycle. Sperm can survive and remain fertile for around 5 days, and the egg can be fertilised for up to 24 hours after ovulation.

This is not exactly because you can get pregnant on your period, but because you can't exactly predict Chances to Conceive During Menstruation If any woman has a shorter monthly cycle, there are chances of her getting pregnant while.

Relying on your menstrual cycle as a means of birth control is definitely risky, because you can indeed get pregnant on your period. Meanwhile, the uterus is building up a lining just in case it needs to host a growing embryo. If egg meets sperm during ovulation and implants in that lining, bingo — baby on board.

Can You Get Pregnant if You Have Sex on Your Period?

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